My earlier VSL paper was initially inspired by the creation account of light. But what if that was not what the Holy Spirit really wanted me to write about? What if He wanted me to write about gravity? Why would I even think this?
Arguably, the two greatest physicists that the world has known were Newton and Einstein. Apart from being great scientists, they had two other things in common. They both believed that God had created the cosmos and they both had major impacts on man’s understanding of gravity. It struck me, some considerable time before this paper was even contemplated, that this was no coincidence. If so, there must be something special about gravity that is still to be discovered but, perhaps, by a not-so-great physicist? Before proceeding any further, here is a good creationist account on the force of gravity to whet your appetite: https://answersingenesis.org/physics/gravity/.
Time and Black Holes
On reading the following link, contained in my VSL paper and repeated here: https://vixra.org/pdf/1607.0289v6.pdf, the following couple of well-understood relativistic principles hit me between the eyes with a sledge hammer blow: ‘When you reach the speed of light, particles can no longer spin and time stops. Likewise, when you encounter the massive gravitational effects at the event horizon of a black hole, particles can no longer spin and time stops there as well.’ So the extremes of light radiation speed and matter gravitational force have the same effects on the quantum world and on time. This struck a massive chord with me having recently published my earlier Time paper. In that latter work I confirmed, with the aid of recent new scientific theories of time in the universe, that God lives outside of time. But what if he does not, what if where He lives time has just stopped?! Check out this mind-numbing scripture:
12 Then spake Joshua to Jehovah in the day when Jehovah delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel; and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; And thou, Moon, in the valley of Aijalon.
13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, Until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jashar? And the sun stayed in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.
14 And there was no day like that before it or after it, that Jehovah hearkened unto the voice of a man: for Jehovah fought for Israel. (Joshua 10 ASV)
As a minimum, the above scripture effectively states that the motion of the solar system was temporarily put on hold for the day until the Israelites had destroyed their enemies. Clearly this was a case of time stopping for the solar system. Even in the current hypothesis, it is difficult to fathom how this was possible; perhaps God is able to confer some of the properties of His abode to selected parts of this universe or, conversely, to transfer a solar system into His abode somehow? Anyhow what this scripture clearly demonstrates, for current purposes, is that the stopping of time is clearly within God’s ability and domain.
So, could God’s home be the convergence on the other side of all the black holes in our universe through their respective wormholes thereby stopping the progress of time in His domain? Could this have been the start point for the creation of the universe whereby the qualities of His dark abode were conferred to the universe through the galactic black holes acting as gateways between the two realms? If so, His heaven would literally be the mother of all super-massive black holes! This could also explain dark matter as the additional mass found near the centres of our universe’s galaxies over and above that of the known black holes at their centres. I would refer the reader back to my Dark Matters paper, from which this would seem to be a further development, with gravity able to traverse parallel universes according to string theory. (Given the lack of evidence for super-symmetric particles at the current energy levels of the Large Hadron Collider, I would have to concede that string theory may be proven to not be the actual ‘theory of everything’ in practice: https://www.sciencenews.org/article/supersymmetrys-absence-lhc-puzzles-physicists although the following writer does not share this view: https://backreaction.blogspot.com/2018/02/what-does-it-mean-for-string-theory.html. Watch this space). So, in one bible research paper (or two!) we may have cracked the mysteries of both dark energy and dark matter through new perceptions of radiation and matter from the scriptures. A crackpot concept perhaps but let us see what light (LOL) the scriptures can throw on God’s dark home.
Darkness and Clouds
Moses is the one man who came closest to his creator. Exodus describes Moses drawing near to God’s ‘dark’ abode, manifested on Earth, which God Himself describes as heaven. One might argue that this bringing of a ‘little bit of heaven’ to the Earth was a similar manifestation to when God stopped the motion of the solar system as previously discussed:
21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.
22 And Jehovah said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye yourselves have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. (Exodus 20 ASV)
The following verses recap those events in the Book of Deuteronomy and demonstrate that God provided a symbolic representation of His abode to His people Israel on Earth. Both this representation and the reality proposed would prove fatal to mankind in its proximity as would God’s own appearance:
11 And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the heart of heaven, with darkness, cloud, and thick darkness.
12 And Jehovah spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of words, but ye saw no form; only [ye heard] a voice. (Deuteronomy 4 ASV)
22 Jehovah spoke these Words to all your assembly on the Mount, out of the midst of the fire of the cloud and out of the thick darkness with a great voice. And He added no more; and He wrote them on two tablets of stone, and gave them to me.
23 And it happened, when you heard the voice out of the midst of the darkness, while the mountain burned with fire, you came near to me, all the rulers of your tribes, and your elders,
24 and you said, Behold! Jehovah your God has made us see His glory and His greatness to us, and we have heard His voice out of the midst of the fire; we have seen today that God speaks with man, and he lives.
25 And then why should we die? For this great fire will consume us. If we hear the voice of Jehovah your God any more, then we shall die.
26 For who of all flesh that has heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as we [have], and [has] lived? (Deuteronomy 5 GLT)
There is further confirmation that God’s dark place is an intended danger to mankind (like a black hole’s event horizon?). Prior to crossing the Red Sea, Israel is protected by the Angel of God from within an Earthly manifestation of God’s home:
19 And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:
20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness [to them], but it gave light by night [to these]: so that the one came not near the other all the night. (Exodus 14 KJV)
The prophet Jeremiah writes confirming that ‘God dwells in thick darkness’. Well, that sounds like a big clue that my proposition may not be completely off the charts. There is also the suggestion that God can visit us in His holy place, perhaps through wormhole technology (discussed in my earlier Jesus Christ Superdoc paper), albeit still hidden from view by clouds. Could these clouds symbolically represent an active galactic nucleus (AGN): https://scitechdaily.com/why-mysterious-cosmic-clouds-form-near-black-holes/.
10 And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of Jehovah,
11 so that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the cloud; for the glory of Jehovah filled the house of Jehovah.
12 Then spake Solomon, Jehovah hath said that he would dwell in the thick darkness. (1 Kings 8 ASV)
The writings of David are interesting in this topic area. In the following verses he is writing about God’s coming down to the Earth to destroy Israel’s enemies. Apart from confirming that God’s normal abode is in darkness, he comments on God’s use of gravity (of dark matter?) to bend space when He comes down to visit. On these visits God travels on a cherub which could arguably represent a speed of light transition via a wormhole to our universe?
9 He bowed the heavens also and came down, and darkness [was] under His feet;
10 and He rode on a cherub, and He flew; yea He soared on the wings of the wind;
11 He made darkness His covering, His pavilion all around Him, darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies.
12 Out of the brightness before Him, His dark clouds passed through, hailstones and coals of fire. (Psalms 18 GLT)
More confirmation from David on the nature of God’s abode:
2 Clouds and darkness [are] round about him: righteousness and judgment [are] the habitation of his throne. (Psalms 97 KJV)
Despite our understanding that God’s abode would destroy fleshly man, there is the promise that there will come a time when that will no longer be the case. Perhaps this is when His Earthly children earn their birth-right to become His true sons as gods in their own right:
3 And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the LORD, which call [thee] by thy name, [am] the God of Israel. (Isaiah 45 KJV)
Moses also makes it clear, however, that God’s throne is nonetheless currently far from mankind’s purview:
9 He holdeth back the face of his throne, [and] spreadeth his cloud upon it. (Job 26 KJV)
Having established the nature of light and of God’s home in the previous sections and in the Dark Matters paper, it seems only correct for me to establish those scriptures that identify gravity as the major force in the universe, since there are many that identify light as an important form of energy. Gravity is clearly a massive force in the universe since it not only governs the 4% of matter that we think we understand but also the 96% that we do not understand but we only know about because of its gravitational effects on the known universe (notwithstanding the implications for dark energy in my VSL paper). So let us have a look at a sample of verses to ensure that God truly intended gravity to be that important in the universe.
Moses seems to have had some inkling from God that the earth was held in place in a spacial void by some invisible Godly force:
7 He stretcheth out the north over empty space, And hangeth the earth upon nothing. (Job 26 ASV)
This following verse from Paul can take several subtly different meanings so I have chosen the Emphatic Diaglott translation as being the most apposite for today’s purposes. Here it seems that all of God’s creation has been put in its specific place. Gravity is the force that would hold His heavenly creations together:
17 and he is in advance of all, and the things all in him has been placed together; (Colossians 1 ED)
David writes that Mount Zion cannot be moved. An obvious everyday comment; but why cannot it be moved? Its huge mass will ensure that the gravitational pull from the Earth’s core would render it unmoveable by man:
1 They that trust in Jehovah Are as mount Zion, which cannot be moved, but abideth for ever. (Psalms 125 ASV)
Gravity played its part in the Earth’s creation. The seas found their level through the force of gravity towards the core of the Earth thereby revealing the dry land. As all these scriptures show, gravity is easily taken for granted, but it seems clear to me that it is God’s major force in His own abode and His creation:
9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry [land] appear: and it was so. (Genesis 1 KJV)
This is further confirmed by David in a post-flood context:
5 Who didst establish the earth upon its foundations, that it should not be moved for ever and ever;
6 Thou didst cover it with the deep as with a vesture; the waters stood above the mountains.
7 At Thy rebuke they fled, at the voice of Thy thunder they hasted away -
8 The mountains rose, the valleys sank down - unto the place which Thou hadst founded for them;
9 Thou didst set a bound which they should not pass over, that they might not return to cover the earth. (Psalms 104 JPS)
Beyond the Earth we have the heavenly bodies of the sun and the moon shedding their light on the Earth on a daily and seasonal basis. As we now know they are only able to do that through the force of gravity causing the Moon to orbit around the Earth and the Earth to orbit around the Sun together with the spin of the Earth. Also the stars, which again we now know are also governed by the all-pervading force of gravity:
14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:
15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: [he made] the stars also.
17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,
18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that [it was] good. (Genesis 1 KJV)
The implication of God shaking the heavens and the Earth is that the heavenly bodies are fixed in their places in the universe under the force of gravity prior to God’s prospectively choosing to unsettle His creation to demonstrate His anger:
1 Jehovah reigneth; He is clothed with majesty; Jehovah is clothed with strength; he hath girded himself therewith: The world also is established, that it cannot be moved. (Psalms 93 ASV)
5 He founded the earth on its foundations; it shall not be shaken forever and ever. (Psalms 104 GLT)
13 Therefore I will make the heavens to tremble, and the earth shall be shaken out of its place, in the wrath of Jehovah of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger. (Isaiah 13 ASV)
The Darkness and The Light
This section follows on naturally from my earlier Dark Matters paper. Darkness is not the absence of light, it existed before the light:
1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth;
2 and the earth being without form and empty, and darkness on the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God moving gently on the face of the waters,
3 then God said, Let light be! And there was light.
4 And God saw the light, that [it was] good, and God separated between the light and darkness. (Genesis 1 GLT)
So, if God created the universe from His own dark abode, it could have been initially created as matter only with the force of gravity implicit in its very nature. Radiation could then have been added to the mix to create the matter/radiation universe that we know today. If this was the case then darkness represents mass and light represents the energy with which it is interchangeable through Einstein’s famous equation e = mc**2. Now while I do not imagine for one second that David was talking about the Einstein equation, a case could be made that God’s symbolic meaning was that very thing to identify the interchangeability of the darkness and the light:
12 Even the darkness will not be dark from You, but the night shines as the day; as [is] the darkness, so is the light. (Psalms 139 GLT)
Moses describes the limits of our simulated universe as covered in my earlier Time paper. In the Book of Job, he describes the boundary of our universe which we would arguably know today as the extent of the four dimensions of the space-time continuum. That boundary would seem to be marked by the heavenly held waters of the flood. In the same verse he also describes the content of that universe as being solely light and darkness, i.e., radiation and matter:
10 He hath described a boundary upon the face of the waters, Unto the confines of light and darkness. (Job 26 ASV)
So, our universe is bounded both by its dimensions and its content.
Having compared light with darkness and EM radiation with matter respectively and their equivalence, the parallels between light and gravity become closer the more we know about our universe. It has been known for some considerable time now that light travels in the form of EM waves. While it has been theorised for some time that gravity also can travel in a wave form, this has only relatively recently been detected in association with some large-scale cosmological events. To further this comparison, gravity does not only travel in waves but also travels at the speed of light: https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/gravitational-waves/en/ and https://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2019/10/24/this-is-why-the-speed-of-gravity-must-equal-the-speed-of-light/?sh=51fd1a0c2fc0. This is probably the limit of man’s knowledge currently.
At the quantum level, the graviton has been postulated as the gravity carrying particle as the photon has been identified as the EM wave carrier. However, whilst well-defined, the graviton will prove extremely difficult to detect due to its exceedingly small size. So, the complete quantum level comparison between light and gravity still awaits experimental proof: https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/is-gravity-quantum/.
Once last thought: if we can have VSL then what about VSG and its implications for the early universe? Since gravity moves at the speed of light then presumably it could have changed in sync with the light speed of the early universe?
Jewish Lords' Witness
The Gravity of Our Situation
Image Provided by thoughtco.com