This paper was produced arising from the
Last First and First Last research project. The beauty of this LFFL exercise is that, whilst it may not end up being an end in itself for any one piece of research, it can help us to understand certain scriptures that were previously beyond our comprehension. Prior to this exercise, Ezekiel chapter 10 presented a total mystery as to its symbolic meaning. However, as an immediate result of looking into the ‘first’ substitution in verse 14, we have been able to unravel some of the symbolic meanings running throughout the whole chapter:

14 And every one had four faces: the first face [was] the face of a cherub, and the second face [was] the face of a man, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle. (Ezekiel 10 KJV)

The Key Verses

I will now lead you through the understandings that we have now gained as a direct result of this initial skirmish into Ezekiel chapter 10. By the way, if anyone else out there thinks they have a better, if indeed any, understanding of Ezekiel 10, I would love to hear from you. I will just take you through the key verses for which we have uncovered, what we believe, is the intended symbolism.

So, starting with verse 1, we find the best translation is provided by Young’s Literal. Whilst ironically not entirely literal, it does nonetheless in our opinion, provide the accurate intent of the verse. Young’s, in common with all other English versions, translates the Hebrew word ‘
רֹאשׁ’ as ‘head’. Now, whilst this is not an incorrect translation, it provides an arguably confusing meaning, i.e. how can four cherubs have one head? A more precise alternative meaning would be ‘chief’. Now whilst Young’s, in common with the other English translations, does give the meaning of ‘head’, he also recognises the more precise meaning by providing an ending to the verse to provide that clarity. A trifle clumsy perhaps but at least the clarity is there: 

1 And I look, and lo, on the expanse that {is} above the head of the cherubs, as a sapphire stone, as the appearance of the likeness of a throne, He hath been seen over them. (Ezekiel 10 YLT)
1וָאֶרְאֶה, וְהִנֵּה אֶל-הָרָקִיעַ אֲשֶׁר עַל-רֹאשׁ הַכְּרֻבִים, כְּאֶבֶן סַפִּיר, כְּמַרְאֵה דְּמוּת כִּסֵּא--נִרְאָה, עֲלֵיהֶם. (Ezekiel 10 MM)

So, in recognising this more accurate meaning, we would deem that the head or chief of the cherubs is Michael the arch angel or cherub, back in the days of Ezekiel. A cherub is a master mediator of a salvation covenant (check out
Introduction 28 - The 24 Salvation Covenants (The FRC, FBC, JLC/BLC/OMC/2LC, LRC, CRC, CBC, ARC, ABC, SAC, NAC, JAC, PCC, ICC, 1EC, 2EC, 3EC, 4EC, AFC, SFC, 1AC, 1NC, 2NC, ELC, HLC) Part1). In addition we have now developed the new understanding that a cherub is also the angelic interface for a true church. 

I have previously waxed lyrical on the nature of cherubs in my earlier paper
Angels and Spirits, in which I determined, although with some reservations, that cherubs were not angels. However, it is now looking to me as if the word ‘cherub’ can take on the meaning of various types of spiritual being dependent on the context.  

The next verse of interest is verse 8:

8 And there appeareth in the cherubs the form of a hand of man under their wings, (Ezekiel 10 YLT)

Our explanation of this verse is that the appearance of ‘the form of a hand’ indicates that Cherubs are angels who become human. Again, this is in keeping with our existing understanding at 
The 4 Master Mediators of 1Timothy 2:5.

Next up we have verse 9:

9 and I look, and lo, four wheels near the cherubs, one wheel near the one cherub, and another wheel near the other cherub, and the appearance of the wheels {is} as the colour of a beryl stone. (Ezekiel 10 YLT)

It is this verse that provided us with the key symbolisms of Ezekiel 10. We determined that the four wheels represented the four True Christian Churches since a wheel enables a vehicle to travel upon the Earth. Each vehicle carries its own load of faithful humans bound for God’s Kingdom. Each wheel (church) had/has its own cherub acting as the interface between the earthly and heavenly realms. So, we have 4 true churches (an existing understanding at
Introduction 46 - The 4 True Christian Churches) and 4 cherubic mediators, one for each church.

Then we have verse 10:

10 And as for their appearance, they four had one likeness, as if a wheel had been within a wheel. (Ezekiel 10 ASV)

So, what are the wheels within the wheels? Well, each True Church has its saints/kings within the church of the priests within the church of the faithful congregation. So, these wheels are identifying that there are different categories and a hierarchy of faithful ones in common within each True Church.

Next up is verse 11:

11 When they went, they went upon their four sides; they turned not as they went, but to the place whither the head looked they followed it; they turned not as they went. (Ezekiel 10 KJV)

I think this verse is confirming that each of the four True Christian Churches followed the path laid down for it by its chief cherub up to the point of it’s becoming a false church or being dissolved.

Then we have verse 12:

12 And their whole body, and their backs, and their hands, and their wings, and the wheels, [were] full of eyes round about, [even] the wheels that they four had. (Ezekiel 10 KJV)

The eyes represent the sight of the truth, i.e. the interpretations, of each of the 4 true churches/wheels. That is what they see in God's book. Each Cherub is the interface into the heavenly realms for his true church. A wheel is in contact with the ground but it moves a vehicle which is not in contact with the ground. That vehicle contains the Christian congregation’s spirits in touch with its heavenly counterpart.

And finally, for this analysis, we have verse 14 which is where we came in:

First off, we find that this is one of those verses that has been mis-translated by every English version of the scriptures, the KJV being a typical example:

14 And every one had four faces: the first face [was] the face of a cherub, and the second face [was] the face of a man, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle. (Ezekiel 10 KJV)
וְאַרְבָּעָה פָנִים, לְאֶחָד:  פְּנֵי הָאֶחָד פְּנֵי הַכְּרוּב, וּפְנֵי הַשֵּׁנִי פְּנֵי אָדָם, וְהַשְּׁלִישִׁי פְּנֵי אַרְיֵה, וְהָרְבִיעִי פְּנֵי-נָשֶׁר. (Ezekiel 10 MM)

The Hebrew word ‘
לְאֶחָד’ is typically translated here as ‘every one’ or ‘each one’ thereby rendering this verse to be seriously incapable of interpretation. The correct translation is ‘to one’ as per the Lords Witness code-preserving translation of the verse:

14 And to one [are] 4 faces. The first [is] the face of the cherub, and the second [is] the face of earthling man, and the 3rd [is] the face of a lion, and the 4th [is] the face of an eagle. (Ezekiel 10 LWT)

‘To one’ here refers to the one true religion of Christianity which the four faces all represent. The 4 faces of Christianity are the 4 Cherubs heading up the 4 True Churches which represent the wheels of the chariot of all Christianity. Those Cherubs were Jesus (the face of the Cherub) for the First Faithful and Discreet Slave (FDS1) the Roman Catholic Church, Gabriel (the face of earthling man) for FDS2 the Gnostics, Melchizedek (the face of a lion) for FDS3 the Watchtower and Methuselah (the face of an eagle) for FDS4 the Lords’ Witnesses.

 Last First and First Last

Coming back to the original point of this exercise, the first must be last, the Cherub associated with the Lords’ Witnesses becomes Jesus when he takes over the church, according to our existing understandings:  ‘Understanding 271-11:  A brief summary of the reasoning behind the 2nd and 3rd fire sign prediction dates of 1Kings18’. This understanding, however, is lengthy containing much deep decryption and end-times chronology which is largely irrelevant and out-of-date respectively for the current purpose. The simplified relevant explanation for this understanding is based on the symbolic interpretation of the following verse:

15 And the angel of Jehovah said unto Elijah, Go down with him: be not afraid of him. And he arose, and went down with him unto the king. (2 Kings 1 ASV)

In the greater meaning, the Elijah referred to is the earthly head of the Lords’ Witnesses, i.e., Gordon. The king referred to is Jesus who becomes the heavenly chief of the Lords’ Witnesses with Gordon operating as co-regent with Jesus. This thereby confirms the ‘last first and first last’ substitution in this example since Jesus was also the cherub associated with FDS1, the Roman Catholic Church.

The Wrap

While the rest of Ezekiel 10 would seem to support these understandings, we have not put this whole thing together yet with a detailed analysis of all 22 verses of this chapter. However, it could be that 2 Cherubs are axles and 4 living creatures are wheel hubs to this chariot. Jesus, the glory of Jehovah is also the chief Cherub. This is not yet a completed decryption of Ezekiel 10; more work is obviously required here. Watch this space.

For your reference, the initial official position on this understanding of Ezekiel 10 can be found on the main  website at
Understanding 280 -  Ezekiel's Visionary Chariot of all Christianity: The 4 wheels are the 4 true churches, the 4 Cherubs (Michael, Gabriel, Melchizedek, Methuselah) are the faces of the 4 true churches.

​​Date of Original Publication: 30th March 2024

Ezekiel Chapter 10

Jewish Lords' Witness